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In Ohio, AED programs are mandated to adhere to maintenance protocols, provide training for students and teachers, activate EMS when necessary, and may opt for AED placement reporting. The Good Samaritan law extends protection to all participants involved in AED programs, encompassing both AED use and related activities. AED placement in schools is contingent upon the policies of individual school districts.

Ohio Law Key Takeaways

Requirement

Summary

Good Samaritan Law
Qualified immunity from civil liability is bestowed upon individuals involved in various aspects of AED management, including installation, program design, acquisition, and prescription by licensed physicians. Additionally, the law permits both trained and untrained individuals to utilize AEDs without fear of legal repercussions.
AED Training
Possessors of AEDs must encourage potential users to complete approved CPR/AED training.
AED Maintenance
Ensuring the proper maintenance and testing of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in accordance with manufacturer guidelines is essential for their effective functioning. Although not mandatory, it is advisable for AED owners to inform local emergency medical services (EMS) about the AED's location as per legal recommendation.
Schools
Each school district's board of education has the authority to mandate the installation of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in all schools under its jurisdiction. Training in AED usage is required for all school district employees, while high school students must also receive CPR/AED instruction. Schools offering grades nine to twelve are obligated to provide CPR/AED training as part of their curriculum.

Ohio Statutes and Regulations

(A) As used in this section:

(1) “Automated external defibrillation” has the same meaning as in section 2305.235 of the Revised Code.

(2) “Emergency medical services organization” has the same meaning as in section 4765.01 of the Revised Code.

(B) A person who possesses an automated external defibrillator shall do both of the following:

(1) Encourage expected users to complete successfully a course in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation that is offered or approved by a nationally recognized organization and includes instruction on psychomotor skills and national evidence-based emergency cardiovascular guidelines that are current;

(2) Maintain and test the defibrillator according to the manufacturer’s guidelines;

(C) It is recommended, but not required, that a person who possesses an automated external defibrillator notify an emergency medical services organization of the location of the defibrillator.

(D) Any person may perform automated external defibrillation. Training in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation is recommended but not required.

A person who performs automated external defibrillation shall make a good faith effort to activate or have another person activate an emergency medical services system as soon as possible unless the person is performing automated external defibrillation as part of an emergency medical services system or at a hospital as defined in section 3727.01 of the Revised Code.

(A) As used in this section:

(1) “Automated external defibrillation” means the process of applying a specialized defibrillator to a person in cardiac arrest, allowing the defibrillator to interpret the cardiac rhythm, and, if appropriate, delivering an electrical shock to the heart to allow it to resume effective electrical activity.

(2) “Physician” has the same meaning as in section 4765.01 of the Revised Code.

(B) Except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct, no physician shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property for providing a prescription for an automated external defibrillator approved for use as a medical device by the United States food and drug administration or consulting with a person regarding the use and maintenance of a defibrillator.

(C) Except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct, no person shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property for doing any of the following:

(1) Providing training in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation;

(2) Authorizing, directing, or supervising the installation or placement of an automated external defibrillator;

(3) Designing, managing, or operating a cardiopulmonary resuscitation or automated external defibrillation program;

(4) Acquiring an automated external defibrillator;

(5) Owning, managing, or having responsibility for a premises or location where an automated external defibrillator has been placed.

(D) Except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct or when there is no good faith attempt to activate an emergency medical services system in accordance with section 3701.85 of the Revised Code, no person shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property, or held criminally liable, for performing automated external defibrillation in good faith, regardless of whether the person has obtained appropriate training on how to perform automated external defibrillation or successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

(A) As used in this section, “automated external defibrillator” means a specialized defibrillator that is approved for use as a medical device by the United States food and drug administration for performing automated external defibrillation, as defined in section 2305.235 of the Revised Code.

(B)(1) The board of education of each school district may require the placement of an automated external defibrillator in each school under the control of the board. Not later than July 1, 2018, pursuant to section 3313.6023 of the Revised Code, all persons employed by a school district shall receive training in the use of an automated external defibrillator in accordance with that section.

(2) The administrative authority of each chartered nonpublic school may require the placement of an automated external defibrillator in each school under the control of the authority. If an authority requires the placement of an automated external defibrillator as provided in this section, the authority also shall require that a sufficient number of the staff persons assigned to each school under the control of the authority successfully complete an appropriate training course in the use of an automated external defibrillator as described in section 3701.85 of the Revised Code.

(C) In regard to the use of an automated external defibrillator that is placed in a school as specified in this section, and except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct or when there is no good faith attempt to activate an emergency medical services system in accordance with section 3701.85 of the Revised Code, no person shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property, or held criminally liable, for performing automated external defibrillation in good faith, regardless of whether the person has obtained appropriate training on how to perform automated external defibrillation or successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

(A) As used in this section, “psychomotor skills” means the use of hands-on practice to support cognitive learning.

(B) Beginning with the 2017-2018 school year, except as provided in division (E) of this section, each school operated by a school district which offers grades nine to twelve shall provide instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator.

Instruction shall include the psychomotor skills necessary to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and use an automated external defibrillator and shall be either of the following:

(1) An instructional program developed by the American heart association or the American red cross that includes instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator;

(2) An instructional program that is nationally recognized and based on the most current national, evidence-based emergency cardiovascular care guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator.

(C) No student shall receive certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator unless the student is trained by an authorized or certified instructor.

(D) Nothing in this section requires a licensed educator to be certified to provide training in the manner prescribed by this section to facilitate, provide, or oversee instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of an automated external defibrillator that does not result in certification of students.

(E) If a student is excused from taking instruction in cardiopulmonary resuscitation under division (A)(8) of section 3313.60 of the Revised Code or if the student is a child with a disability and is incapable of performing the psychomotor skills required to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation and to use an automated external defibrillator, as indicated in the student’s IEP, the student shall not be required to receive instruction as prescribed by this section. As used in this section, “child with a disability” and “IEP” have the same meanings as in section 3323.01 of the Revised Code.

The board of education of each school district shall provide training in the use of an automated external defibrillator to each person employed by that district. This training may be incorporated into the in-service training required by division (A) of section 3319.073 of the Revised Code. For this purpose, the board shall use one of the instructional programs listed in divisions (B)(1) and (2) of section 3313.6021 of the Revised Code.

(A)(1) As used in this section, “automated external defibrillator” means a specialized defibrillator that is approved for use as a medical device by the United States food and drug administration for performing automated external defibrillation, as defined in section 2305.235 [2305.23.5] of the Revised Code.

(2) This section does not apply to an internet- or computer-based community school.

(B) The governing board of a community school established under this chapter may require the placement of an automated external defibrillator in each school under the control of the governing authority. If a governing authority requires the placement of an automated external defibrillator as provided in this section, the governing authority also shall require that a sufficient number of the staff persons assigned to each school under the control of the governing authority successfully complete an appropriate training course in the use of an automated external defibrillator as described in section 3701.85 of the Revised Code.

(C) In regard to the use of an automated external defibrillator that is placed in a community school as specified in this section, and except in the case of willful or wanton misconduct or when there is no good faith attempt to activate an emergency medical services system in accordance with section 3701.85 of the Revised Code, no person shall be held liable in civil damages for injury, death, or loss to person or property, or held criminally liable, for performing automated external defibrillation in good faith, regardless of whether the person has obtained appropriate training on how to perform automated external defibrillation or successfully completed a course in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

*Codes and regulations cited from Justia US Law.

Note: This page serves as an educational resource on Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) and related legal frameworks. AEDleader.com provides this content for general knowledge purposes and does not claim it to be exhaustive or infallible regarding interpretations of AED laws. It should not be considered legal counsel. We invite you to contact us for detailed guidance on complying with AED regulations specific to your location.

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Ohio
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Ohio