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Kentucky
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Kentucky

Kentucky mandates AED programs to include maintenance, training, medical oversight, location reporting, EMS notification, and post-use documentation. Good Samaritan immunity is granted to participants using the AED for its intended purposes, with other program activities not covered. Immunity relies on adherence to certain administrative and operational protocols. Furthermore, Kentucky requires AEDs at all high school sports events and practices, as well as in dental offices that use sedation and anesthesia.

Kentucky Law Key Takeaways

Requirement

Summary

Good Samaritan Law
Good Samaritan protection covers rescuers (excluding instances of gross negligence or deliberate misconduct), those who obtain AEDs, entities managing AED locations, physicians supervising the AED program, and CPR/AED instructors.
AED Training
An AED acquirer is responsible for ensuring expected AED users receive training.
AED Maintenance
AEDs must be kept in working order as per the manufacturer's instructions, and those who acquire them are responsible for informing Emergency Medical Services (EMS) about their presence and location.
Medical Oversight
A physician-supervised medical oversight program should be established to ensure compliance with training, maintenance, and EMS notification requirements.
Schools
All public schools in Kentucky require AEDs to be on-site for high school practices and athletic sporting events.
High Schools
All public high schools are required to include CPR and AED training within the health or physical education courses that are necessary for graduation.
Dentist Offices
Dentists must have an AED to qualify for an Anesthesia and Sedation Facility Certificate.

Kentucky Statutes and Regulations

It is the intent of the legislature that an automated external defibrillator may be used for the purpose of saving the life of another person in cardiac arrest when used in accordance with the provisions of KRS 311.667.

As used in KRS 311.665 to 311.669, unless the context requires otherwise:

(1) “Automated external defibrillator” or “AED” means an external defibrillator capable of cardiac rhythm analysis which will charge and, with or without further operator action, deliver a shock after electronically detecting and assessing ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia. These devices are known as fully or semiautomatic defibrillators;

(2) “Cardiopulmonary resuscitation” or “CPR” means a basic emergency procedure for life support, consisting of artificial respiration and manual external cardiac massage; and

(3) “Emergency medical services system” means the same as in KRS 311A.010.

In order to ensure public health and safety:

(1) A person or entity who acquires an AED shall ensure that:

(a) Expected AED users receive American Heart Association or American Red Cross training in CPR and AED use, or an equivalent nationally recognized course in CPR and AED use;

(b) The AED is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines;

(c) There is medical oversight of the AED program by a physician licensed in Kentucky to ensure compliance with requirements for training, maintenance, notification, and communication with the local emergency medical services system. The physician providing oversight shall also work with the AED site to establish protocols for AED deployment and conduct a review of each use of an AED; and

(d) Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an AED activates the local emergency medical services system as soon as possible and, if an entity with an AED program, reports any clinical use of the AED to the licensed physician.

(2) Any person or entity who acquires an AED shall notify an agent of the local emergency medical services system and the local emergency communications or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of AED acquired.

(1) Any person or entity who, in good faith and without compensation, renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an AED shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of the care or treatment, or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment, where the person acts as an ordinary, reasonable prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances.

(2) The immunity from civil liability for any personal injury under subsection (1) of this section includes the licensed physician who is involved with AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED site placement, the person or entity who provides the CPR and AED training, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the AED is located.

(3) The immunity from civil liability under subsection (1) of this section does not apply if the personal injury results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering the emergency care.

(4) The requirements of KRS 311.667 shall not apply to any individual using an AED in an emergency setting if that individual is acting as a Good Samaritan under KRS 313.035 and 411.148.

(1) The General Assembly hereby finds that training Kentucky students in cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedures will:

(a) Increase students’ ability to respond to emergency situations at school, home, and public places;

(b) Benefit Kentucky communities by rapidly increasing the number of people ready to respond to sudden cardiac arrest, a leading cause of death in the United States; and

(c) Assist students in becoming responsible citizens consistent with the goals established in KRS 158.6451.

(2) Every public high school shall provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation training to students as part of the health course or the physical education course that is required for high school graduation or the Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps course that meets the physical education requirement. The training shall:

(a) Be based on the American Heart Association’s Guidelines for CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care or other nationally recognized, evidenced-based guidelines;

(b) Incorporate psychomotor skills training to support cognitive learning; and

(c) Make students aware of the purpose of an automated external defibrillator and its ease and safety of use.

(3) The training does not have to be provided by a certified instructor or result in students being certified in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

(4) A school administrator may waive the requirement that a student receive instruction under subsection (2) of this section if the student has a disability or is physically unable to perform the psychomotor skills component of the instruction required.

(5) This section shall not be construed to require a school to have an automated external defibrillator on its premises, although having one available for emergencies is encouraged.

Anesthesia and sedation

(2) The following shall be maintained in working order by the facility or by the qualified individual administering sedation or anesthesia at or on behalf of the facility:

(e) Defibrillator or automated external defibrillator (AED);

*Codes and regulations cited from Justia US Law.

***Codes and regulations cited from CaseText.

Note: This page serves as an educational resource on Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) and related legal frameworks. AEDleader.com provides this content for general knowledge purposes and does not claim it to be exhaustive or infallible regarding interpretations of AED laws. It should not be considered legal counsel. We invite you to contact us for detailed guidance on complying with AED regulations specific to your location.

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Kentucky
Kentucky Map

Kentucky