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Alabama
Alabama states | AED Leader

Alabama

In Alabama, there is a strong emphasis on the upkeep and alert protocols for Automated External Defibrillator (AED) initiatives, ensuring that these life-saving devices are always ready and their distributors are informed of any necessary updates or maintenance. While the state does not mandate CPR and AED training for individuals who may use these devices, it actively promotes such education to enhance emergency response effectiveness. Moreover, to support the widespread adoption and proficient use of AEDs, manufacturers are obligated to include comprehensive training materials with each unit sold. Additionally, Alabama extends Good Samaritan immunity to AED users, providing legal protection that does not hinge on adherence to specific administrative or operational guidelines. Reflecting a commitment to public health and safety, the state mandates the presence of AEDs within K-12 educational settings and assisted living centers, ensuring that these critical environments are equipped to handle cardiac emergencies.

Alabama Law Key Takeaways

Requirement

Summary

Good Samaritan Law
The Good Samaritan Law provides legal immunity to those who, acting in good faith, render emergency assistance to individuals in apparent distress or experiencing sudden cardiac arrest (SCA).
CPR/AED Training
AED owners are to encourage users to complete a nationally recognized AED and CPR training program.
Maintenance Program
AEDs should be maintained according to the manufacturer's specifications.
Schools
AEDs are required in public K-12 Schools and at least one employee at each school must be trained in the use of an AED.
Assisted Living Facilities
Every assisted living and specialty care facility must ensure round-the-clock presence of at least one staff member who holds valid CPR and AED certifications from either the American Red Cross or the American Heart Association.

Alabama Statutes and Regulations

(e) A person or entity, who in good faith and without compensation renders emergency care or treatment to a person suffering or appearing to suffer from cardiac arrest, which may include the use of an automated external defibrillator, shall be immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment where the person acts as an ordinary prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances, except damages that may result from the gross negligence of the person rendering emergency care. This immunity shall extend to the licensed physician or medical authority who is involved in automated external defibrillator site placement, the person who provides training in CPR and the use of the automated external defibrillator, and the person or entity responsible for the site where the automated external defibrillator is located. This subsection specifically excludes from the provision of immunity any designers, manufacturers, or sellers of automated external defibrillators for any claims that may be brought against such entities based upon current Alabama law.

a) As used in Section 6-5-332, the term “automated external defibrillator” or “AED” means a medical device heart monitor and defibrillator that meets all of the following specifications:

(1) Is commercially distributed in accordance with the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. Section 301, et seq.).

(2) Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia and is capable of determining, without intervention by an operator, whether defibrillation should be performed.

(3) Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, semiautomatically or automatically charges and delivers an electrical impulse through the chest wall and to an individual’s heart.

(b) A person or entity that acquires an AED shall ensure all of the following:

(1) That expected defibrillator users are encouraged to successfully complete a course in automated external defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) that is offered or approved by a nationally recognized organization and includes instruction on psychomotor skills and national evidence-based emergency cardiovascular guidelines that are current.

(2) That the defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer’s operational guidelines.

(c) Each manufacturer shall provide in-service training materials on the AED use and operation to each person or entity who acquires the AED.

(d) A person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify the distributor of the AED if any change of ownership of the AED occurs.

(e) This section shall not apply to an individual using an AED in an emergency setting if that individual is acting as a good samaritan pursuant to Section 6-5-332.

(a) For purposes of this section, the term automated external defibrillator is given the same definition as provided in subsection

(c) of Section 6-5-332.3.

(b) An automated external defibrillator shall be placed in each public K-12 school in Alabama. The superintendent of each local board of education shall designate at least one employee at each school to be trained in the use of an automated external defibrillator.

(c) The State Department of Education shall implement and administer this section and shall adopt such rules as are necessary.

(6) Training

(a) All staff who have contact with residents, including the administrator, shall have initial training prior to resident contact and refresher training annually and as necessary. Documentation of all staff training to include attendance records and any required post-test or evaluations shall be maintained in the facility. In addition to any information otherwise required by the facility’s policies and procedures, the facility shall ensure that prior to resident contact, all staff members receive training on the subject matter listed below:

1. State law and rules on assisted living facilities.

2. Facility policies and procedures.

3. Resident rights.

4. Current certification from the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) within 90 days of hire.

5. Identifying and reporting abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

6. Basic first aid.

7. Advance directives.

8. Protecting resident confidentiality.

9. Resident fire and environment safety.

10. Special needs of the elderly, mentally ill, and mentally retarded.

11. Safety and nutritional needs of the elderly.

12. Identifying signs and symptoms of dementia. (b) Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. An assisted living facility shall be staffed at all times by at least one individual who has a current certification from the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross in CPR. All employees of an assisted living facility who have contact with residents must be certified in CPR from the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross. New employees must obtain certification in CPR within 90 days of hire. An assisted living facility equipped with an automated external defibrillator (AED) shall be staffed at all times by at least one individual who has a current certification from the American Heart Association or the American Red Cross in AED utilization. Substitute training approved by the Department for use by emergency medical services personnel (EMSP) may be utilized in lieu of those courses or certifications offered by the American Heart Association or American Red Cross in CPR or AED utilization.

*Codes and regulations cited from FindLaw.

**Codes and regulations cited from CaseText.

Note: This page serves as an educational resource on Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) and related legal frameworks. AEDleader.com provides this content for general knowledge purposes and does not claim it to be exhaustive or infallible regarding interpretations of AED laws. It should not be considered legal counsel. We invite you to contact us for detailed guidance on complying with AED regulations specific to your location.

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Alabama
Alabama states | AED Leader

Alabama